Hateruma Island: Japan’s southernmost island

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This is the largest shop, it’s open all day without a lunch break!“, the guest house owner explains. We are walking into the only village of Hateruma Island in Okinawa. “And this is one of the three restaurants we have. That way, you get to the lighthouse…“

Hateruma Island is the southernmost inhabited island of Japan and belongs to the Yaeyama Islands in Okinawa Prefecture. It takes an hour to get there by speedboat from Ishigaki, the main island. But the boat – which should run several times daily – is often cancelled due to high waves.

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Not surprisingly, the small Japanese island is largely self-sufficient, and although it has a great subtropical location, tourism plays a minor role – agriculture is trump. Sugar cane fields cover most of the nearly flat surface of Hateruma Island. To our surprise, for the sake of the sugar cane trucks there are numerous well-paved roads. They are criss-crossing the fields and the island although the population of Hateruma is only around 500.

Awamori – the Okinawan spirit

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There are three small factories on Hateruma: The sugar factory, a cement production, and the Awamori factory.

The latter produces a rather limited amount of the traditional rice spirit of Okinawa, Awamori. The Hateruma brand, Awanami, is only available on Hateruma Island and much sought-after, and it is quite tasty, too.

The southermost point of Japan

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The main reason for most Japanese to visit Hateruma however is the fact that it is the officially southernmost point in Japan.Being at an altitude of only 24° North means that, in some months, you can even see the Southern Cross in the night sky. A memorial stone marks the Southern tip of Japan. Nearby, a small observatory allows a good view of the stars – at least on clear days. That night, it’s somewhat cloudy, and a fellow traveller who tried at 3 am to see the Southern Cross reported that he got up in vain. We also had briefly thought about getting up in the middle of the night, but decided lazily against it.

We linger a bit at the cape and then move on along the South coast of Hateruma. The path leads us towards an ancient watchtower built from coral stones. Somehow it reminds us of towers we have seen on Menorca – but presumably, they are totally unrelated.

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Suddenly, there’s a strong smell of goat cheese in the air. Very strong, actually. Walking through the sugar cane fields we encounter numerous goats. They are walking about in small gangs or tethered to a stick on a small patch of grass. Nearly all of them will end up on the plates of the islanders who don’t have much cattle or other animals.

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“Only two of the goats on the island are pets” explains the owner of the BooBoo food stall. She is teaching her pet goat, Coco-chan, some tricks.

Meanwhile, we are having some ice-cream there at the edge of Nishihama Beach. Watching the goat was one of the few distractions on Hateruma …

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The most beautiful beach in Japan

Nishihama Beach is said to be Japan’s most beautiful beach. And yes, with its soft sand slowly descending into coral-studded water and the perfect gradation of blue, we can agree. A sweet smell is hovering over the beach from the nearby sugar factory. That’s where the sugar molasses on our soft ice BooBoo’s come from. The beach is decidedly a great place to be watching the waves and Coco-Chan the pet goat.

The adjoining Pêhama Beach has an even more perfect scenery with palms and mangroves behind. Dotted along, there are just a few picturesque rocks visible in the water. Treacherous currents make swimming dangerous, though.

Overgrown castle ruins

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The next day we come across a completely overgrown ancient fortification, the Shimodahara Gusuku. The enormous coral stone walls date from the 16th century AD.

They are arranged in strange curves just like the castles (gusuku) on Okinawa mainland. Nearby shell mounds have confirmed that people already lived here around 1800 BC, with cultural influences from as far as Indonesia and Melanesia.

Altogether we spent two days and one night on lovely Hateruma Island and were able to see most of the island, but we could have done with one or two more beach days.

Transport to Hateruma Island

The speed boat from Ishigaki takes 60–70 minutes and costs around 6000 Yen return. Quite often it is cancelled due to bad weather or high waves. As Hateruma is very small you can easily walk the whole island in two days, or rent a bicycle to get around.

Accommodation on Hateruma Island

There are about 20 pensions, guest houses and hotels on the island, some of them not more than a room or two in a family home. The cheaper accommodation choices without any meals start at around 5500 Yen for the double room in low season and go up to 8000 Yen in high season. We stayed at the Lagoon guest house (5600 Yen for a small double room with shared bathroom and guest kitchen) and enjoyed it very much.

NB: Our ferry ticket was sponsored by Hirata Kankô, Ishigaki. Apart from that, we paid the expenses of our excursion to Hateruma Island ourselves.

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  1. Nice to hear about a little place that most tourists don’t seem to go, and I probably would have said “nah” and gone back to sleep at 3:30am too! The island looks like a perfect place for a tiny rural and beach break.

  2. The island is very quiet and agricultural – most likely you could find a house there, and probably cheap, too.
    Just consider that there are only 3 small shops and it takes 2 hours or so to get into town (when the waves are not too high). You’ll do some home-gardening…

  3. I think I would never want to leave that beach. It looks so natural and beautiful, al,ost deserted. What a hidden gem that I hope stays that way.

  4. I have heard so many good things about Okinawa and Hateruma Island sounds great. The beach is gorgeous and I would love to check out the castle ruins. Those goats are adorable, they look like they are smiling. I wouldn’t be a good farmer type person because they would for sure be my pets!

  5. That’s a really blue holiday. Everything looks pristine. The lighthouse, the ice-cream, the goats, it’s like a world that washes away the pressing and the stressful. Ferry rides and walks on the beach, it would surely make for a great romantic getaway.

  6. Wow! This place looks like a paradise. I agree with you that the beach is beautiful and would love to visit soon. I would love to meet the pet goats too! Hopefully, by that time he has mastered his tricks.

  7. I’ve never heard of the Hateruma Island. It looks serene and relaxing. The atmosphere must be very clean if you can see the Southern Cross in the sky at night. I’d like to visit it if I have a chance. I’m sure I’d enjoy that pristine beach and even a goat encounter, hahaha!

  8. I’m fascinated by the unique culture of the Okinawa prefecture. I also appreciate the place being an off-the-beaten path. I feel what makes it amazing is despite being in an isolated corner of the world, they are able to develop and thrive in their own heritage. The Shimodahara Gusuku looks mysterious!

    1. Dear Trisha, Okinawa in general, and especially the smaller islands are really a gem in Japan. Not many foreigners visit and even for Japanese people it is exotic.

  9. This beach looks the perfect place to be spending a few days. Love the deserted look. Had no idea previously. It would be great if I could head there sometime.

    1. Dear Carol, yes goat cheese would be nice. Although they do not make any goat cheese on the island as far as I know. Japan does not have a cheese making tradition.

  10. This looks like a dream destination to me. I love the remoteness of Hateruma and the beach looks incredible, and empty too! The sound of eating ice cream while watching the goats quietly roam by sounds idyllic to me. I really hope to visit Japan next year!

  11. When I looked at that first picture I would never have thought that beach was in Japan – even being the most southerly island in Japan. I want to document that I reached the most southerly point but the Nishihama Beach would be the bigger draw for us. Especially with an ice cream in hand!

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